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Snoring : Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

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Update: June 15, 2023
4 min read

Snoring is a widespread issue affecting millions globally. It can stem from a variety of factors such as obesity, enlarged tonsils, and a deviated septum. Snoring not only disrupts the sleep of the person snoring but can also affect their partner’s sleep quality. In some cases, it may be indicative of a more severe condition like sleep apnea. This article will delve into the physical and physiological causes of snoring, the potential health implications of chronic snoring, and effective ways to stop it.

Causes of Snoring

The most common cause of snoring is a narrowing of the airways in the throat. This narrowing can occur due to several factors:

Obesity: Excessive weight can lead to fatty tissue build-up around the throat, which can narrow the airway.

Enlarged tonsils or a thick tongue: These can narrow the airway and cause snoring.

Deviated septum: A structural issue in the nasal cavity can cause difficulty breathing, leading to snoring.

Relaxed throat muscle: This occurs during deep sleep stages or due to substances like alcohol, leading to snoring.

Alcohol consumption and certain medications: These can relax the throat muscles, leading to snoring.

Smoking: This can irritate the lining of the nose and throat, leading to inflammation and snoring.

Symptoms of Snoring

  • Loud and disruptive noise during sleep caused by vibration of respiratory structures.
  • Difficulty breathing during sleep due to obstructed airflow.
  • Waking up with a dry mouth or sore throat, resulting from mouth breathing when nasal passages are blocked.
  • Daytime fatigue caused by fragmented sleep patterns and inadequate rest.
  • Headaches that may occur as a result of snoring.
  • Irritability, which can be triggered by disrupted sleep and oxygen deprivation.

Complications of Snoring

  • Sleep apnea: Chronic snoring can progress into obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition characterized by repetitive pauses in breathing during sleep. OSA is caused by the complete or partial collapse of the upper airway, leading to oxygen deprivation and disrupted sleep patterns.
  • Heart disease: The repeated episodes of oxygen deprivation and the strain on the cardiovascular system due to snoring and sleep apnea can contribute to the development of heart disease. This includes an increased risk of hypertension (high blood pressure), irregular heart rhythms, and coronary artery disease.
  • Stroke: Snoring, particularly when associated with sleep apnea, can increase the risk of stroke. The intermittent lack of oxygen and the  increased stress on blood vessels can lead to the formation of blood clots or the rupture of blood vessels in the brain.
  • High blood pressure: Snoring and sleep apnea can lead to hypertension or worsen existing high blood pressure. The disrupted breathing and oxygen fluctuations during sleep put additional strain on the cardiovascular system, resulting in elevated blood pressure levels.
  • Diabetes: Snoring and sleep apnea have been linked to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The disrupted sleep patterns and the body’s reduced ability to regulate glucose metabolism contribute to insulin resistance and the onset of diabetes.
  • Depression: The sleep disturbances caused by chronic snoring and sleep apnea can lead to mood disorders such as depression. The lack of restful sleep and the associated daytime fatigue can impact emotional well-being and contribute to the development of depressive symptoms.
  • Accidents: Daytime sleepiness resulting from disrupted sleep patterns can impair cognitive function, alertness, and reaction times. This increases the risk of accidents, particularly while driving or operating machinery.

How to Stop Snoring

Common methods to alleviate snoring

Wearing Nasal Strips or Dilators: These devices improve airflow as you sleep and may reduce snoring.

Anti-Snoring Mouthpieces / Oral appliances: These are usually molded to fit your teeth and help reduce snoring by adjusting your lower jaw or holding your tongue in place.

Lifestyle changes: These include reducing body weight, quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol before bed, and making dietary adjustments.

Medical and Surgical Treatments for Snoring

In cases where non-invasive treatments don’t help, medical professionals may suggest surgery:

Laser-Assisted Uvulopalatoplasty: This involves using a laser to remove tissue from the uvula in the throat and the soft palate, allowing more airflow.

Palatal Implants: These implants stiffen the soft palate and can significantly improve snoring in certain individuals.

Somnoplasty: This treatment uses radio waves to alter tissues in the mouth and throat, reducing snoring.

Lifestyle Changes

Mouth Exercises: Performing specific mouth and throat exercises can help strengthen the muscles in the airway, reducing the likelihood of them collapsing and causing snoring.

Weight Loss: Excess weight, especially around the neck and throat area, can contribute to snoring by narrowing the airway. Losing weight can reduce the fatty tissues around the throat, opening up the air passage and reducing snoring.

Quitting Smoking: Smoking irritates the airways and causes inflammation, which can lead to snoring. Quitting smoking helps reduce inflammation, improve airway function, and decrease snoring episodes.

Avoiding Alcohol Before Bed: Alcohol relaxes the throat muscles, leading to increased snoring. Avoiding alcohol consumption before bedtime can minimize muscle relaxation and decrease the likelihood of snoring.

Avoiding Caffeine Before Bed: Caffeine acts as a stimulant and can interfere with sleep quality. By avoiding caffeine before bed, you can promote better sleep, reducing the chances of snoring.

– Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity helps improve overall muscle tone, including the muscles in the throat and airway. This can help prevent the collapse of these muscles during sleep and reduce snoring.

Sleeping on Your Side: Sleeping on your back can cause the tongue and soft tissues to collapse into the airway, obstructing airflow and leading to snoring. Sleeping on your side can help keep the airway open and reduce snoring.

Using a Humidifier in Your Bedroom: Dry air can irritate the nasal passages and throat, potentially contributing to snoring. Using a humidifier adds moisture to the air, reducing congestion and promoting easier breathing during sleep.

Creating a Suitable Sleep Environment: A dark, quiet, and cool bedroom promotes better sleep quality. Eliminating external distractions and maintaining a comfortable temperature can help minimize sleep disruptions, including snoring.

It’s important to note that while these lifestyle changes can be beneficial for reducing snoring, they may not eliminate snoring entirely. If snoring persists or is associated with other sleep-related concerns, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and guidance.

When to Consult a Doctor

If snoring is accompanied by symptoms such as gasping or choking while asleep, daytime tiredness, and morning headaches, it may be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea. In such cases, it is crucial to seek medical attention.


Snoring is a common problem that can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. However, various treatments are available, and the best solution will depend on the individual’s specific circumstances. If you are concerned about snoring, do not hesitate to consult your doctor to explore.


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